This appears to be due to a complex mixture of factors including poverty, overcrowded housing, types of job, other illnesses, and access to health services. The research was carried out by Loubaba Mamluk and Tim Jones of the The National Institute for Health Research Applied Research Collaboration West (NIHR ARC West) based at University Hospitals Bristol and Weston NHS Foundation Trust.
18 out of 19 doctors who died were from BAME communities as well as 25 out of 35 nurses, according to figures from April, 2020, the research found. BAME staff however account for 21% of all NHS employees, including approximately 20% nursing and support staff and 44% medical staff.
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The researchers are now calling for a international evidence review where data could be used from other epidemics and major incidents which might help understand why this disproportionate impact on BAME communities has happened. The data would look at Infection risk, severity of the infection and outcomes as well as impacts of the infection and the control measures.
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